Second Lieutenant Luke J. Schumacher is an intelligence officer in the U.S. Army. A graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, he recently earned an MPhil in political thought and intellectual history at the University of Cambridge. Joshua Shapiro, a graduate of American University, is a strategic risk consultant at an advisory firm in the Washington, DC area. Their joint work has appeared in the Yale Review of International Studies. The views expressed in their work are their own and do not reflect the position of their employers, the Department of Defense, or any other agency of the U.S. Government.